Kharkiv is an administrative center of Kharkiv region, big industrial and cultural center, significant traffic center, the second city in Ukraine by population (2005 more than 1,45 mln. inhabitants).
The city is situated to the North-East of Ukraine in the valley of Kharkiv, Lopan and Udi rivers. The city was founded in 1654 and was a major centre of Ukrainian culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv became the first city in Ukraine to acknowledge the Soviet power in December of 1917 and becoming later the capital of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
The area of the city is 300 sq.km and it is divided into 9 administrative districts: Mockovskyi, Dzerzhynskyi, Kominternovskyi, Kyivskyi, Frunzenskyi, Leninskyi, Oktiabrskyi, Chervonozavodskoi, Ordzhonikidzevskyi.
There is metro in Kharkov. It consists of 3 lines with the length more than 33 km.
City is the big industrial center. Its machine-building is rather developed. There is Kharkiv Transportation Machine-building Plant, Tractor Plant, Metal-building Plant, Machinetool-building Plant, Electric plant, Aviation-building Plant, Turbine Plant, Bicycle Plant, Electric Cargo Machine Plant and others. There are enterprises of chemical industry, constructing materials, production of furniture, wood-processing, printing enterprises, food industry. There is also perfumery and cosmetic plant. There is also knitting, sewing, leather and shoes branches of light industry and a rope plant.
There are 30 higher education establishments in the city. The biggest are: Kharkiv State University, Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute and Kharkiv State Medical Institute. There is also astronomic observatory, 60 scientific and research institutes, more than 80 libraries, 5 museums, 21 cinemas, 6 theaters, circus, Palace of Sports, Palace of Water Kinds of Sports and 32 stadiums.
Kharkiv was a host city for the UEFA Euro 2012, and hosted 3 group matches in Metalist Stadium.Sights: